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Organic matter, excreted by animals, which is used as a soil amendment and fertilizer. Green manures are plant cover crops which are tilled directly into the soil. See soil amendment.
Manure and fertilizers dissolved in water, resulting in liquid manure.
Marginal plant
A water plant that grows at the edge of the pond or on the bank where its roots can reach shallow water. There are many kinds, including water mint, Mentha aquatica, and flowering rush, Butomus umbellatus.
Variations of the climate
within a given area, usually influenced by hills, hollows, structures or proximity to bodies of water. (i.e. when it’s raining at your house, and the sun is shining on the other side of the street). Growing grapes and making wine in a small growing area called a micro-climate.
Mineral elements which are needed by some plants in very small quantities. If the plants you are growing require specific ‘trace elements’ and they are not available in the soil, they must be added.
A plant produced by micropropagation - a modern technique using tiny pieces of the parent plant on a sterile nutrient jelly. Used when a limited amount of plant material is available.
Animals and plants that are too small to be seen clearly with the naked eye.
The ideal method of propagation of cuttings under greenhouse glass, using automatic mist generators and soil heaters.
A plant which bears both male and female flowers. Compare Dioecious
The open end of a bell shaped or tubular flower.
A surface layer spread over the ground to conserve moisture, suppress weeds and maintain a good soil texture. Usually this is a coarse organic matter. Mulches may be;

  • organic : such as manure, compost, bark chips, cocoa shells, grass clippings, leaves, saw dust, or straw
  • non-organic : for example, stones, gravel or polythene sheeting.
Mulching mower
Mulching mowers cut the grass into minute fragments that can be left on the ground to decompose.
A flower with petals which bear at least three distinctly different colours.
A change in the genetic make-up of a plant, leading to a new feature. This new feature can be inherited.

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